A Numerical Model for Concrete Strength Change under Neutron and Gamma-ray Irradiation

Ippei Maruyama, Kazumoto Haba, Osam Sato, Shunsuke Ishikawa, Osamu Kontani, Masayuki Takizawa

Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 14, 144-162, 2016

For performance evaluation of existing reinforced concrete members under irradiation conditions, a numerical code called “DEVICE” (Damage EValuation for Irradiated ConcretE), which takes into account the heat, moisture, and radiation transport coupled with cement hydration, is proposed. This code is composed of the established computational cement-based material (CCBM) model and the one-dimensional deterministic transport Sn code “ANISN”. In the proposed model, temperature-dependent irradiation-induced expansion of aggregate minerals and resultant strength deterioration of concrete are introduced. Currently, the knowledge and modeling of irradiation-induced expansion of aggregate mineral is limited only for α-quartz. DEVICE was used for evaluating the strength distribution of the decommissioned plant Japan Power Demonstration Reactor (JPDR). Compressive strength distribution in a concrete biological shielding (CBS) wall of the JPDR was obtained by core sampling, and the compressive loading test results were compared with the calculation results. This comparison proved the practicality potential of DEVICE to predict the concrete